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Solar power is a form of renewable energy that harnesses the energy of the sun to generate electricity. Here’s how it works:
Solar panels are installed on a rooftop or in a sunny location. The panels are made up of photovoltaic (PV) cells, which convert sunlight into electricity. When sunlight hits the PV cells, it knocks electrons loose, allowing them to flow freely. This process is known as the photovoltaic effect.
Solar energy is a great way to make your home more sustainable and save money on your energy bills at the same time. The technology has been around for decades, but it’s only recently become more affordable than ever before. In this article, we’ll take a look at how solar panels work and why they might be right for you.
The PV cells are connected in a grid-like pattern, and the movement of electrons through the grid creates an electric current. This current is then channeled into an inverter, which converts the direct current (DC) generated by the PV cells into alternating current (AC), which is the type of electricity used in homes and businesses.
The AC electricity is then sent to the main electrical panel, where it can be used to power the home or business. If you have excess electricity, you can sell it to your neighbor or store it in a battery. In fact, if you have solar panels and a battery connected to the grid (the network of power lines that supplies energy), any excess electricity produced by your solar panel will be stored in the battery for later use. This means that when there is no sun shining on your home or business during peak hours (usually morning and evening), any electricity from your solar panels will be stored in your battery rather than being sent out onto the grid. When more power is needed at night or on cloudy days, this stored energy can be used as backup power instead of needing to rely on fossil fuels like coal or natural gas plants.
Overall, solar power is a clean, renewable, and efficient way to generate electricity. It’s a great alternative to fossil fuels, which produce greenhouse gasses that contribute to climate change.